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of Udmurt University
Sociology. Political Science. International Relations
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Article


Year
2017
Issue
1
Pages
54-70
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Section СОЦИОЛОГИЯ. ПОЛИТОЛОГИЯ. МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ
Title SOCIAL TECHNOLOGIES OF MANAGEMENT OF REPUBLICAN AND RUSSIAN IDENTITY IN ESTIMATIONS OF THE POPULATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MORDOVIA: EXPERIENCE OF QUALITATIVE SOCIAL RESEARCH
Author(-s) Bogatova O.A.
Abstract This paper specifies the basic social technologies of national and regional identity policy in republics belonging to the Russian Federation and reveals the basic models and levels of republican identity policy. The author also analyzes the social consequences of its influence on mass consciousness on the basis of focus group research data in the Republic of Mordovia. In the author’s opinion, the specificity of identity policy at the regional level in the republics of Russia consists either in the ethnization of the regional identity process in combination with the titular ethnic group identity nationalization or in the definition of the republic’s identity in terms of cultural variety and the titular ethnic group’s cultural identity as its element, without politicization or prescribing the “state-building” functions to the ethnic communities. According to these alternative models, the Russian national identity may be defined by agents of republican identity policy or as a conglomerate of politicized ethnic nations localized in the territories of republics and performing both cultural and political functions, or as the higher hierarchical level of political self-determination of Russian citizens considering themselves among particular ethnic communities, which maintain the cultural diversity. Results of focus group research in Mordovia have revealed the influence of social technologies of republican identity policy in the form of challenging the concept of “Russian people” and polarization of opinions concerning the prospects of the Russian civic nation identity among the disputants, a basically positive aesthetic estimate of symbolic ethnic components of the republican identity policy, aimed at forming the republic’s public image in the framework of Mordovian culture, along with a critical estimate of coercive administrative technologies and consequences of their implementation, such as “imposing” the study of the Mordovian languages or “elimination” of the cultural diversity, the prevailing skeptical or indifferent attitudes to the purposes of the dominating ethnocentric model of identity policy, especially among “non-titular” respondents including the attempts of “noncivic” redefinition of the Russian identity.
Keywords identity policy, Russian national identity, civil nation, ethnic policy, regional identity, ethnicity, republics belonging to the Russian Federation, social technologies, Republic of Mordovia
UDC 304.42
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