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of Udmurt University
Sociology. Political Science. International Relations
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Article


Year
2017
Issue
2
Pages
221-230
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Section СОЦИОЛОГИЯ. ПОЛИТОЛОГИЯ. МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ
Title SOVIET INTERNATIONALISM: CULTURAL DIPLOMACY IN LATIN AMERICA AND PEOPLES’ FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY (in Engl.)
Author(-s) Kirillova Liana
Abstract The article analyzes the cultural aspect of Soviet-Latin American relations during the Cold War years. In particular, it focuses on the policy of Soviet “cultural diplomacy” that aimed to spread the Soviet influence in Latin America by means of multicultural interactions between the regions. In particular, the article provides examples of Soviet broadcasts, travelers’ accounts about Latin America and other print media propaganda, as well as examples of various friendship societies, study programs, and cultural events such as Soviet exhibitions of science, technology, and culture and creative performances of Soviet artists. The article also examines the case study of Peoples’ Friendship University (PFU) that turned into the first institutionalized educational experiment of Soviet internationalism after the World War II. Latin American students, influenced by the Soviet rhetoric of cultural diplomacy, structural antiracism, and the idea of friendship among the peoples, eagerly applied to study at PFU on advantageous terms. The article provides firsthand comments of Latin American students and concludes that Soviet propaganda machine successfully created the image of the University and the country in general as a tolerant place to study and to live. Overall, the article expands the existing historiography on the multicultural relations between the Soviet Union and Latin America in the context of the Cold War.
Keywords Soviet internationalism, cultural diplomacy, structural antiracism, Peoples’ Friendship University, the Cold War, Latin America, student exchange, Soviet propaganda
UDC 316.2
References
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