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of Udmurt University
Sociology. Political Science. International Relations
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Article


Year
2017
Issue
2
Pages
150-161
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Section СОЦИОЛОГИЯ. ПОЛИТОЛОГИЯ. МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ
Title GENDER IN SOCIAL STUDIES AND HUMANITIES
Author(-s) Markhinin V.V.
Abstract The paper deals with the problem of status and methodology of gender studies in social sciences and humanities in general and in certain disciplines of social sciences and humanities in particular. The author points at the theoretical preconditions of forming the understanding of gender as a social phenomenon in the history of European thought and the role of the feminist movement in this process. At the same time the author notes that the theoretical idea of gender has become a more adequate means and form of reflection on gender relations than the feminist theory. A particularly socially significant theoretical result of gender theory searches of possible ways to overcome gender inequality and subordinate position of women was the overcoming of the feminist theory intention to cultivate “gender animosity”. The author argues in favour of the thesis that the most important constituent of the theoretical framework for the gender studies is the classic Marxist theory of the origin of gender inequality as one of the expressions of the process of social class inequality origination. There is a certain historical materialistic dialectic method modified to solve scientific problems, which corresponds to this theory. The author reveals the inconsistency of the postmodernist cognitive orientation as an alternative to the abovementioned method. The paper demonstrates the status and significance of the methodology in the gender studies for the cases of such disciplines as history, psychology, sociology and economics. The author’s conclusion is that it is time when feminism per se should be replaced by the gender approach as the one that is adequate to the ideal of social equality and gender union.
Keywords gender, feminism, social sciences and humanities, postmodernism, scientific method
UDC 303.447.2
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