of Udmurt University
Sociology. Political Science. International Relations



Author(-s) Zolotykh V.R.
Abstract The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the social policy of American Conservatives in the end of the 20th century. The context for this study is the protracted “crisis of the welfare state” that the entire Western world has experienced. An evaluation of the adaptation process of American Conservatism to this rapidly changing world constitutes an innovative research task of this work. The social policy advocated by the American Conservative movement is analyzed not as a reaction to liberal politics and sequence of unrelated actions, but as a self-sufficient strategy. There are strong arguments to put forward a research hypothesis that the 1990s was a period when the Conservative model of social politics was created as an alternative to the socio-liberal model. In other words, it is a conservative version of a "welfare state" that has become the main expression of social policy. An additional innovative aspect of this work is its analysis of the interconnection of Conservative social policy and the evolution of the Conservative movement itself. In the “Contract with America” and the “compassionate conservatism” program the Republicans managed to achieve synthesis of principles and approaches of different kinds of the conservative movement. For the first time, they were able to create a conservative version of the “welfare state.”
Keywords American conservatism, social policy, welfare reform, R. Reagan, compassionate conservatism, N. Gingrich, Christian Right, Republican party, welfare state
UDC 323(73) (45)
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