of Udmurt University
Sociology. Political Science. International Relations



Author(-s) Tokmazishvili Mikheil
Abstract Caucasus political, economical and institutional development is determined by a complicated regional relationship of neighboring countries. South Caucasian countries do not have similar goals and values regarding political and economical development in the region. There are no common economical strategies on globalization and Caucasus countries differently qualify the relationship with Russia and the European Union in the region. The South Caucasus is a truly "regional anarchic society." Problems of Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia are completely different. Many constraints, largely due to political issues at the interstate level, have transformed the Caucasus region into one of the most conflicting regions. There is a well-established economic and political alliance between Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey; Georgia and Armenia also have close economic relations. The Armenian-Russian alliance has tightened through the EAEU (Eurasian Economic Union), and maintaining political ties with Russia has become essential for Armenia. In the Russian-Georgia case, the disintegrative interests of both countries limit opportunities for cooperation and economic growth. It is difficult to discuss regional integration among the countries of the South Caucasus as their development strategies vary so much. Georgia’s association with Europe (the AA and DCFTA) and Armenia’s union with Russia (the EAEU) require a new resolution of contradictions between interregional integration. In addition, South Caucasia’s most powerful neighbors - Russia, Turkey and Iran - have contradictory interests in the Caucasus region. It will be very difficult to reach a compromise, to find a common denominator on regional cooperation between the immediate and the Great neighbors of the Caucasus region. The paper identifies regional and geopolitical contradictions between Georgia and Russia with a particular focus on the impact of the Association Agreement of Georgia with the European Union (DCFTA) and EAEU on integration processes in the Caucasus region, and outlines potentials for greater regional cooperation in the future.
Keywords Caucasus, Russia. Georgia, regionalism, European Union, Eurasian Union, cooperation, Foreign trade
UDC 339.98
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