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of Udmurt University
Sociology. Political Science. International Relations
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Article


Year
2017
Issue
4
Pages
475-483
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Section СОЦИОЛОГИЯ. ПОЛИТОЛОГИЯ. МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ
Title RICHARD PIPES ABOUT THE POLITICAL CULTURE AND PROSPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIA
Author(-s) Sergeenkova I.F.
Abstract The article dedicated to the study of the Russian political culture assessments. The assessments in question have been presented by the well-known American historian and political scientist R. Pipes, Professor Emeritus, the Harvard University, in his main works such as «Two Ways of Russia», «Russia under the Old Regime», «Property and Freedom», «Russian Conservatism and Its Critics». The line of argument for R. Pipes’ concept of the Russian political culture conservative nature is being considered. The argumentation takes into account the Empire syndrome, the Orthodox Church, the Mongol yoke, lack of private property institutions, and the peculiar ways of establishing the centralized state that is possessed with the idea of the Great Crown status. The author scrutinizes R. Pipes’ views on the political processes in the modern Russia, the causes of hardships on its way to democracy which, as R. Pipes puts it, mainly relate to the tradition of totalitarianism that had been formed long before the Bolsheviks gained the power. The author feels special interest to R. Pipes’ assessments of the foreign and domestic policies of Russia, the Russian-American relations, the economic sanctions and the NATO expansion to the East. As stated in the article, R. Pipes’ point of view reflects how the American political elite looks at the modern Russia and his inferences sound quite firm. The article presents the most typical for the American political thought and propaganda stereotypes on the Russian aggressive character, incapability to develop democratic institutions, and that the whole world, sooner or later, would follow the flags of the liberal democracy. The American historian presents the ruling elite of Russia as a gang of tyrants and murderers and the Russian people seems to him a flock of voiceless slaves who got used to bow and obey. The foreign policy of the modern Russia is being considered as the ongoing Empire traditions. Simple and universal schemes used by R. Pipes to consider the domestic political processes in the modern Russia make it possible for him to judge the Russians as opponents to any democratic institutions.
Keywords political culture, conservatism, power, Orthodoxy, “the great power”, authoritarianism, “patrimonial” state, empire, “a special way” of development, anti-Westernism
UDC 329.1/.6
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