of Udmurt University
Sociology. Political Science. International Relations



Author(-s) Popov A.A.
Abstract Integration processes in Western and Eastern Europe developed under the influence of similar factors and exerted a significant influence on each other. The shortage of coal in the post-war period was a serious problem for all European economies. The search for a solution of that problem took place throughout the decade of the 1950s. The shortage of coal had a direct impact on the expansion of cooperation between countries both within the integration communities of the European Coal and Steel Community and the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, and at the pan-European level. The article analyzes the steps of the CMEA countries in overcoming the deficit of coking and energy coals. The conditions and mechanisms for the formation of the coal distribution system in Eastern Europe are considered. The author shows that in the case of the socialist countries, the choice of concrete alternative solutions to the problem often depended on situational decisions of the political leadership. The solution of the coal problem was accompanied by the formation of stable non-optimal economic relations, which was indirectly recognized by the socialist countries themselves. At the same time, the distribution system that was established in the CMEA in the late 1950s was functioning until the collapse of the socialist camp. It was concluded that attempts to solve the problem of coal deficit led to the emergence of qwerty-effects in the development of trade and economic relations of Eastern European countries. The author suggests that during the period under review the pre-integration processes in the socialist camp were more vulnerable to the emergence of qwerty-effects than the West European integration.
Keywords history of European integration, Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, coal, foreign trade of the USSR, history of international relations, qwerty-effect
UDC 339.942
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