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Sociology. Political Science. International Relations
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Article


Year
2018
Issue
1
Pages
65-74
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Section СОЦИОЛОГИЯ. ПОЛИТОЛОГИЯ. МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ
Title THE IDEA OF THE “WEST” IN RUSSIAN SOCIAL THOUGHT AT THE TURN OF THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURY
Author(-s) Barmina N.N.
Abstract The article traces the history of evolution of three main strands of Russian social thought - conservatism, liberalism, and radicalism. Division of Russian thinkers into eurocentrists and supporters of Russia’s special way is at the center of this work. The article aims to analyze the idea of the “West” in Russian intellectual tradition. The main part of the article marks the confrontation between the two movements of Russian thought at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth century - namely, Marxism and Narodnik movement. The possibility of the capitalist development in Russia was an important issue of their debate. Representatives of Narodnik movement, such as N. Mikhailovsky, V. Vorontsov, N. Danielson, rejected the possibility of capitalist society in Russia. Such Russian Marxists as P. Struve, M. Tugan-Baranovsky, and G. Plehanov, on the contrary, claimed that capitalism in Russia was inevitable and considered it as a necessary step on the way to future socialism.
Keywords Russian social thought, conservatism, liberalism, Marxism, narodnik movement, idea of the “West”, capitalism
UDC 32:141.82(091)
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